5G Bands Explained: sub-6 GHz and mmWave Bands

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5G has ushered a new wave of pleasure for a hyper-connected world. The new wireless technology is wanting to bring the power to play interactive games on the go, stream high-quality content, transfer serious files during a moment, and more. such a lot so smartphone manufacturers square measure launching 5th generation-ready devices even once 5th generation isn’t extended in several countries as well as an Asian country. That said, their square measure several tidbits regarding 5G that we tend to keep hearing in our current discourse. as an example, not several apprehend what square measure 5G bands and therefore the variations between the sub-6 rate band and mmWave network. thus if you wish to be told regarding 5G bands in nice detail, follow on.

5G Bands Explained Comprehensively (2021)

Here, we’ve explained each technical term in lucid language together with theme sensible examples so you get a decent grasp of 5th generation bands. we’ve conjointly mentioned the present standing of 5th generation bands across the planet. you’ll be able to click on the link below to maneuver to the relevant portion.

What are 5G Bands?


According to 3GPP, the syndicate that heads the event of mobile telecommunication, 5G Bands are generally divided into 2 categories: sub-6 rate (also known as, FR1) and mmWave (FR2). The sub-6 rate band means that the band frequency is below 6GHz and mmWave can have frequencies higher than 24GHz and below 52GHz.

Keep in mind, the thumb rule of wireless communication is — a lot of frequency, the higher the speed. thus simply at the beginning, we can say that mmWave 5th generation is way quicker than sub-6 rate 5th generation. so was the fundamental primer on the 2 classes of 5G bands? Now, let’s move and find out about the sub-6 rate and mmWave very well.

What is the sub-6 rate band in 5G?


Just like the 5th generation band that has been divided into 2 classes, the sub-6 rate band has conjointly been classified into 2 parts: low-band and mid-band. The low-band frequency ranges from 600MHz to a pair of.4GHz. This frequency spectrum is extremely almost like 4G’s operational vary, however, you may get a rather higher speed because of huge MIMO, and alternative 5G enhancements. It’s being claimed that you simply can get a minimum of 100Mbps on a low-band 5G network. However, let the American state tell you that several have according to that within the United States, low-band 5G is simply ready to deliver up to 50Mbps thus there’s that.

Apart from that, despite having the same spectrum, the low-band 5G is claimed to own a much better association density than 4G. in keeping with the 5G description, 5G can have an association density of one million users (10 lakh) during one metric linear unit sq. space. For comparison, 4G will solely provide to a hundred thousand (1 lakh) users during a similar setup. That’s Associate in Nursing improvement by ten superb folds.

Now coming back to mid-band and this can be wherever things get attention-grabbing. It operates between 3GHz and 6GHz. Do note that some countries also are increasing the spectrum up to 7GHz. Now, here we tend to move off from the normal 4G spectrum and it’s being touted that you simply can get a speed over 200Mbps and up to 900Mbps. It conjointly offers moderate coverage and might provide to a few miles, each inside and outdoors.

Many countries square measure deploying this mid-band sub-6 rate band to bring 5G to the lots. The US, Europe, China, Asian nation, most of them square measure auctioning spectrums between three.5GHz and 5.9GHz. The Asian country is additionally reaching auction spectrums between three.3-3.6GHz and 5.2-5.9GHz by the top of 2021. and therefore the better part is that it works on high of the 4G design thus carriers don’t ought to replace their existing infrastructure.

So the bottom line is that for the immediate future, you may realize mid-band sub-6GHz 5G everyplace. Whereas, the low-band 5G frequency is accessible as a pullout possibility all around the world. to not forget, 5th generation bands may work with 4G bands victimization DSS (Dynamic Spectrum Sharing).

What is mmWave band in 5G?

Now coming back to the mmWave band in 5G. think about it because of the elite spectrum. it’s a band from 24GHz to 52GHz. whereas the 5G spectrum will in theory go up to 100GHz, telecommunication regulators around the world haven’t even started licensing spectrums on the far side 50GHz so could be a distant dream. The Federal Communications Commission within the United States simply auctioned 37GHz, 39GHz, and 47GHz spectrums in March 2020. As of now, 26GHz, 28GHz, 39GHz, and 41GHz frequency bands square measure being employed by major carriers around the world.

Coming to the speed of the mmWave band, well, it will high up to 10Gbps, however, we’ve solely seen the most outturn of up to one.8Gbps on AT&T’s mmWave 5th generation network. Also, the latency in mmWave 5G is claimed to be 1ms however industrial carriers have solely been ready to succeed somewhere between 30-40ms. Sure, the speed and latency square measure by no means that dangerous, however, it’s vital to notice that mmWave 5th generation signals need a right away line of sight and contains a terribly restricted coverage space. The signals will simply be blocked by walls, trees, and weather.

On high of that, carriers have to be compelled to place mmWave antennas in each street to create the work that makes it prohibitively high-priced. Also, the indoor performance of mmWave 5th generation isn’t smart that once more makes it more durable for carriers to speculate during this high-speed technology. That said, mmWave 5th generation goes to be utilized in stadiums, malls, convention centers, essentially in any crowded areas to supply massive information measure.

Considering these points, it appears mmWave 5th generation can take a few years to succeed in customers. Yes, mmWave is being touted because of the “true” 5G, however, at this time, I feel the mid-band sub-6 rate is that the 5th generation we’d like.

What are SA and NSA in 5G?


While we tend to square measure at it, allow us to conjointly find out about SA and NSA 5th generation that we tend to keep hearing in current discourse. SA means that Standalone 5G entails a network infrastructure wherever the bottom station, omnidirectional antenna, and end-device (smartphones), all square measure designed on 5G design. during this setup, you may get the unequaled speed and you’ll be able to fancy options like beamforming and ultra-low latency. this type of 5G infrastructure is extremely rare to seek out across the planet.

On the opposite hand, Associate in Nursing NSA 5G (Non-standalone 5G) is wherever the bottom station has 4G design, however radio antennas, and smartphones square measure designed on 5th generation design. this can be the setup that’s being deployed everywhere on the planet as it’s cheaper and quicker to implement. Here, you won’t get the ultra-fast speed, however, it’ll have smart coverage and higher speed.

What ought to customers confine Mind Before shopping for a 5G Device?

While that was all regarding the technicalities behind 5th generation bands, let’s establish what square measure the key points customers ought to specialize in. Before shopping for a tool, check that to examine whether or not it supports multiple sub-6GHz frequency bands. hunt for what number bands the smartphone supports supported the region wherever you reside.

It’s being seen that smartphone manufacturers square measure cathartic 5th generation devices with abundant elegance however solely have support for one or 2 bands. except for that, I might not suggest payment an excessive amount on a tool simply to own mmWave 5th generation. As we tend to discovered higher than, mmWave 5th generation is extremely scarce straight away and it’s unlikely to vary the course within the coming back years.

All you would like to grasp regarding 5G, sub-6 GHz, mmWave, SA, and NSA

So that was our in-depth explainer on 5G bands and what every term means that for general customers. As I stressed higher than, 5G could be a nice new technology, however, don’t get fooled by selling gimmicks. The sub-6 rate band is quite enough for customers, however, if you wish to point out off gigabit speed on your smartphone then positive, choose a mmWave-compatible 5G device.

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